Falls in the elderly are a serious health problem. Among the causes of falls can be distinguished internal factors that are related to the aging process of the body and external factors, which are conditioned by the influence of the environment in which the senior lives. Falls are classified as so-called great geriatric problems. Preventive actions should be based mainly on multidirectional interventions, taking into account physical activity in particular. The aim of this article has been to analyze the threat of falls in the elderly and prevention of them.