PRACE EMPIRYCZNE I DONIESIENIA Z BADAŃ / EMPIRICAL STUDIES AND RESEARCH REPORTS
Empathy has positive functions in the pursuit of many professions, but it is an exceptionally important skill in professions that provide assistance to others, such as a nurse. In the nursing profession, empathy is considered one of the basic skills, which guarantees high quality of nursing care. The aim of the research undertaken as part of this paper was to assess the level of empathy in nursing students during education in undergraduate nursing course.
To investigate knowledge of delirium and its risk factors among nurses working in nursing departments and undergraduate nursing students. A questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge of nurses and nursing students related to delirium and its risk factors. The questionnaire was completed by 258 participants (149 randomly selected general practice nurses and 109 final year undergraduate students from nursing study programmes).
ARTYKUŁY TEORETYCZNE I PRZEGLĄDOWE / THEORETICAL AND REVIEW ARTICLES
Occupational burnout is a prolonged response to chronic emotional and interpersonal stressors at work.
The aim of the study was to determine the level of professional burnout in oncological nurses and their determinants based on literature review. Non-systematic review of Polish and English literature from years 2001–2017 has been carried out.
The aim of this paper is to present two approaches which give an opportunity to enhance communication between medical personnel and patient and his relatives or caregivers. The first term concentrates on a „nonviolent communication” as proposed by Marshall Rosenberg. The second one, described by Stephen Palmer and other authors, uses coaching methodology in the context of health education and promotion. In both approaches the crucial role is played by several important psychological skills as: feedback, non-judgement and emotion detection. It seems that inclusion of these both approaches could result in better communication and improves patient’s and his relatives’ or caregivers’ knowledge and satisfaction resulting from contact with the medical personnel.
The aim of this paper is to present the Time Theory by Zimbardo and Boyd in relation to health and health behaviours in adults. Particular perspectives and their mutual configurations are addressed both as an important resource, and as a potential disorder risk factor. A review of empirical research results and collecting the existing, although fragmented, data allows to propose specific practical applications. It is suggested that the individual time perspectives and the identified developmental trends should be taken into account in creating prophylactic programmes which are aimed at containing harmful behaviours and development of disorders, as well as promoting activities and attitudes facilitating retaining full psycho-physical health. Taking such measures can increase the effectiveness and longevity of possible interventions.
The purpose of this article is to provide information on the pathological prevention of Internet use in the context of new interactive digital technologies and the attributes of the digital generation. A separate presentation was devoted to systematic presentation and an integral concept of preventive actions in this area, which refer to three target groups: children and school youth; their parents and carers and employees of the education system, and are based on a specific consistent human philosophy that sets out strategies for prevention as well as general and specific goals. The prevention program presented in the article refers to the philosophy of personalism, systems theory, socio-ecological concept. Selected models also correspond with the theory of problem behaviors of Richard and Shirley Jessor, who grew out of long-term research on adolescents.
Each category – either social or cultural – which potentially contributes to the discrimination of the individual, can enter into interaction with another category, which will result in a newly created intersectional discrimination. The intersectionality questions the traditional one-dimensional analysis of the health determinants in favor of an analysis of dynamic relationships among oppressions and privileges which affect human life. In the context of medical care system, the intersectionality assumes that both: the state of health and functioning of the system in the face of its disorders, result from the interaction of many factors, among which the patient is functioning.
The intersectionality concept can allow nurses and other healthcare professionals to depart from perceiving the patient in a biomedical way, focused on the biological dimension of its existence, towards holistic approach to its functioning in the face of health, illness or disability and complex social and systemic issues.
RECENZJE I SPRAWOZDANIA
Rafał OlszaneckiJacek Jawień