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From the Editor

EMPIRICAL STUDIES AND RESEARCH REPORTS

Piotr Słowik
Krzysztof Walczewski

Rating Preventive Advice for Opportunities to Reduce the Level of Depression. Conduct and Analysis of Results


In recent years Europe has seen an increase in the incidence of mental illness. Therefore, an important and new problem is the emerging question about the prevention of such disorders.

Karol Bukojemski
Bartosz Trybulec
Roksana Wójcik
Paweł Jagielski

Effect of rehabilitation on recovery of people after motorcycle accidents


Introduction: Motorbikes in Poland are becoming an increasingly popular means of transportation, especially in cities. This is due to the significant increase of urban traffic and the search for a faster alternative to daily commuting of local residents. Unfortunately, moving around with two-wheelers is associated with a significantly increased risk of injury and its severity as a result of a road traffic accident.

Paulina Dusińska
Joanna Bonior

Selected risk factors and prevention of falls among the elderly


Falls in the elderly are a serious health problem. Among the causes of falls can be distinguished internal factors that are related to the aging process of the body and external factors, which are conditioned by the influence of the environment in which the senior lives. Falls are classified as so-called great geriatric problems. Preventive actions should be based mainly on multidirectional interventions, taking into account physical activity in particular. The aim of this article has been to analyze the threat of falls in the elderly and prevention of them.

Nina Ogińska-Bulik

Negative effects of work related to helping people after traumatic experiences – the phenomenon of secondary traumatization


Helping trauma victims, especially by professionals, can lead to secondary traumatization, also understood as secondary traumatic stress. Symptoms of secondary traumatic stress are the same as those of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and include four categories, i.e. intrusion, avoidance, negative changes in cognition and mood, and increased arousal and reactivity. Secondary traumatic stress occurs most often in social workers, therapists, probation officers and representatives of medical services (doctors, nurses, paramedics). This phenomenon is also observed in non-professionals, i.e. people who support or only accompany trauma victims or sufferers. Among the factors favoring the onset of secondary traumatization, there are factors related to work/organization and subjective factors, among which a special role is attributed to empathy. Occurring symptoms of secondary traumatic stress can be managed through the use of various types of interactions, including various forms of self-care.

Zygfryd Juczyński

Life change events from a health perspective


The purpose of the article is to present the meaning of significant life events, which become an individually important part of our identity and life history, and a turning point that changes the way man perceives the world in everyday life. While positive events become central through their relationship with cultural norms, negative events interact through psychological mechanisms. Healthy people prefer to focus on positive information, recall it and imagine it. However, for people in a difficult emotional situation, suffering from post-traumatic stress disorders or depression, negative and traumatic events are better remembered and their predictions about the future are more pessimistic. Positive events are considered to be more crucial for identity and life history, negative events, and traumatic experiences, as the most harmful to the individual’s health. In the end of the article, attention was paid to underestimating emotionally positive life events, including traumatic ones (e.g. associated with organ transplants), which can lead to postecstatic growth.

Dorota Kubacka-Jasiecka

Psychosomatic Risk from the Perspective of Attachment Trauma and Body Self Disorders


The following paper discusses the etiology of psychosomatic disorders. It proposes and develops a hypothesis that connects psychosomatic risk with traumatic experiences in early childhood, including parental bonding pathology. To validate the hypothesis, the paper stresses the deep resemblance between the consequences of childhood trauma syndrome (DESNOS syndrome) and the long-term results of negative somatic experiences, including the change in functioning on the neurophysiological level (Bowlby’s attachment theory, object relation theory, study results for negative impact of somatic experiences, carcinogenesis models). On the other hand, the proposed hypothesis is backed by the current widely accepted role of stress together with adaptive and defensive strategies. They are reflected in the forming of the type A, C, and D behavior patterns in adults and their significance (apart from constitutional weakness) as factors of psychosomatic risk.

RECENZJE I SPRAWOZDANIA

Susan Pinker

The Village Effect. How Face-to-Face Contact Can Make Us Healthier, Happier, and Smarter

Bohdan W. Wasilewski

Report of the International Meeting of Balint Group Leaders in the Knight’s Castle of the Order of the Joanites – Łagów, Poland

Andrzej Mielecki

5th Balint in Zakroczym 25–27 October 2019

Guidelines for Authors

Reviewers of Journal Art of Healing (2019)



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